What Is A Hirsutism Disease?
It is defined as a disorder in which there is a formation of excessive hair in the females. It occurs in the genital areas as well as on the face. It occurs where the hair are not present. It is quite equivalent to the male pattern of body hair as in the case of adrongenic hair. It is mainly of psychological as well as of cosmetic concern. It is not a disease but a symptom and it is a serious condition after it occurs at puberty.
What are the signs and symptoms of Hirsutism disease?
The increase in androgen leads to male pattern of body hair. In females it is seen at abdomen, chest, back as well as face. The excessive hair growth involving both the sexes is known as hypertrichosis. One can evaluate the hirsutism by ferriman gallwey score. It is based on the amount as well as location of hair present on a woman.
What are the causes of Hirsutism disease?
It includes the increase in level of male hormones such as the androgens. It can also occur due to the increase in sensitivity of hair follicles to the male hormones. There are male hormones such as testosterone which increase the growth of hair, size as well as other features. It can also lead to pigmentation. It can also lead to acne, deepening of voice as well as increase in the mass of muscle.
The other reason could be the high levels of insulin. The overweight women are at high risk of this disease. The low insulin levels can also decrease the chances of hirsutism. The insulin has the ability to increase the ovarian theca cells so that the androgens can be produced. Insulin also has the ability to increase the insulin like growth factor receptor which increases the androgen production. The other conditions which can increase the male sex hormone are ovary syndrome, cushings disease, tumors present in the ovary as well as obesity. The other reason can be the use of drug like tetra hydrogestrinone. The other condition can be the congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
How Hirsutism disease can be diagnosed?
The diagnosis can be established by the assessment of ovulation as well as the ultra sound of ovary. One can also go for the blood value tests to know about the thyroid stimulating hormone, prolactin as well as the androgens like testosterone. It could be idiopathic also.
How Hirsutism disease can be treated?
It can be treated with the help of a removal of hair. The cause of hair growth must be identified and must be taken into account by the physician. He must conduct the blood tests and must know the reasons. One must also give advice on the treatment. One can also use few medicines like spironolactone, cyproterone acetate, and flutamide. Other drug which can be used is the metformin. They have a variety of different actions. They must not be used together and must be used alone.