What Is A Vocal Fold Cyst?
It is defined as a disorder in which there is an accumulation of the fluid in a cavity. It is seen in the case of vocal folds. This condition affects the speech and leads to diplo phonia. In this condition the vocal cords gives rise to many tones at the same time and is known as dysphonia. In this the quality of sound is not good which may lead to the hoarseness or a sound which is breathy. Females are commonly affected as compared to the males. The menstrual cycle also affects the size of cyst. On one side of the vocal cord cysts are seen and on the other side of vocal cord one sees a swelling as a result of irritation. The cysts are of basically two types that is the mucus retention and epidermoid. The former cyst is seen in the case of areas where the blockage is seen in the case of glandular duct. It is not able to secrete. It is seen in combination with the increase in usage of the voice along with a respiratory infection. The later cyst occurs due to the developmental problems seen in the case of before birth. It may also occur due to the mucous membrane injury. In this there is a formation of the scar. One must go for the speech therapy as well as vocal training in the initial stages. One must also use the medicines so that the irritation can be prevented. The problem of the cyst is controlled in these stages. But in some cases the problem of cyst can be controlled by the use of surgery. It is required in the case of vocal professionals. It helps to have a continued performance.
What are the signs and symptoms of Vocal fold cyst?
It includes the painful speech, hoarseness of voice as well as many vocal breaks. It also decreases the vocal range. Females are most commonly affected. They occur as symmetrical swellings which are present on each side of vocal cords. It occurs due to increase in the voice practices such as the coughing and yelling.
How Vocal fold cyst can be treated?
It needs the speech therapy as well as vocal training in the initial stages. One must also use the medicines so that the irritation can be prevented. The problem of the cyst is controlled in these stages. But in some cases the problem of cyst can be controlled by the use of surgery.